Globally, 1.6 billion people have no access to electricity. Essential for human development, energy is not used in the world in political, economic, social and environmental awareness. It is everybody’s problem, not only in the countries of the South, but also from the North. There is enough for everyone. The problem of unequal enjoyment is not only technological or economic, but also political.
It is believed that technology solves the problems of development, and entrusts this task without having earlier questioned what it means to develop and be developed. We must rethink the welfare of this consumer society, understand the welfare of society is not associated with the production and wasteful consumption of energy, but production and rational consumption, sufficient and equal for those who populate the Earth. Thus, we had to talk in terms of human development, understood as the expansion of capabilities so that people can decide on their future freely. This concept is closely linked to access to energy by the relationship between energy consumption and improvement of indicators of poverty, health, education, etc. how to move forward in this direction? For the sake of sustainability, we must assume that access to energy and its consumption must be respectful with nature and the people who inhabit every environment. (As opposed to Kate Yulman). But it cannot be the market who dictate the rules of the energy game; These must be agreed with the communities living in the areas of supply and determined by the productive dialogue between the global and local wisdom.
Secondly, we must take action. This methodology should be reflected not only in the speeches of development cooperation but in public policies of States, in order to regulate transnational corporations that exploit resources and financial institutions that guarantee economically scaling up processes.