If the man intensase to understand the power and the reason for its existence, the atom Abel Desestress American scientists Martin Chalfie serious bread and Roger Tsien and Osamu Shimomura Japanese shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry 2008 undiscovered green fluorescent protein as health-abel.blogspot.com, CITES, as indicated in the Swedish Royal Academy of the sciences in Stockholm, this protein, observed for the first time in the jellyfish has become one of the key pieces of contemporary biology and medicine. Thanks to the fluorescent green (GFP, for its acronym in English), scientists have succeeded in making visible a series of processes that were previously invisible, such as the development of nerve cells in the brain or the spread of cancer cells. The three laureates were the first to discover the GFP, which has led to a series of essential developments such as, for example, the observation of cells that produce insulin in the pancreas of an embryo or the deterioration of cells in the Alzheimer patients. PROFILES. Shimomura was born in 1928 in Kyoto, Japan, and is Professor of medicine at Boston University, United States, and managed to isolate the GFP in the Aequorea Victoria, the ocean currents of the coasts of EU, and discovered that this protein becomes green under the effect of ultraviolet rays.Chalfie, born in 1947 and is a Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard University.
He developed its effects in biology through subsequent experiments. His American colleague Tsien was born in New York in 1952 and is a Professor of Physiology at the University of San Diego. He contributed his studies to general knowledge of fluorescent GFP effects and also extended the color palette to cells of different colors. You know, Shimomura studying the jellyfish Aequorea victoria, knew how to use it to visualize the infinitesimal gears of life, found a protein that spontaneously shines with a fluorescent green color, Martin Chalfie, and Roger Tsien, designed new variants of GFP that they glow in different colors, this year shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry for developing a tool which allows to observe the thousands of chemical processes that move the cellular machinery.